Whether you are looking for sun-drenched beaches or outdoor activities in beautiful countryside, New Jersey has plenty to offer. Those who love the great outdoors should head for the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area, which runs along the Delaware River for forty miles.
One of the original 13 colonies, New Jersey was an important battleground during the American Revolution.
Located in the heart of the bustling Atlantic corridor and nestled between New York and Pennsylvania, New Jersey has the highest population density of any U.S. state.
One of the first Native American reservations in the United States was established in Burlington County in 1758 for the Lenni-Lenape tribe. The first and only reservation in New Jersey, the Brotherton Reserve, was sold back to the state in 1801 by the remaining members of the tribe, who moved up north to join relatives in New Stockbridge, New York.
The first virtually complete dinosaur skeleton discovered in North America was unearthed in 1858 by William Parker Foulke in Haddonfield, New Jersey. The Hadrosaurus foulkii, as it was later named, proved that the existence of dinosaurs was real, and provided the shocking evidence that dinosaurs could be bipedal. In 1868, it became the first dinosaur skeleton in the world to be mounted on display.
The world’s first boardwalk was constructed in Atlantic City in 1870 merely to reduce the amount of sand tracked into nearby hotels and railroad cars. As hotels, shops, restaurants and casinos sprouted up along the seaside, Atlantic City became one of the most popular tourist attractions in the United States. As of 2012, the boardwalk remains the longest in the world—stretching for six miles.
Opening to traffic between New Jersey and New York on November 13, 1927, the Holland Tunnel became the first mechanically ventilated underwater tunnel. At its maximum depth, the tunnel lies roughly 93 feet beneath the Hudson River.
In the Northwestern part a section comprising about one-fifth of the area of the state is known as the Highlands and Kitatinny Valley. This region is traversed by several low mountain ridges extending northeasterly across the state with valleys and rolling hills between. The highest of these ranges is the Kittatinny, which rises from the banks of the Delaware River at the famous Delaware Water Gap. To the east the region is studded with numerous lakes, some of the largest being Lakes Hopatcong, Mohawk and Greenwood. Elevations up to 1,800 feet above sea level are found in the Kittatinny Mountains near the New York State line.
South and East of the Highlands is a region of about equal area known as the Red Sandstone Plain, or the Piedmont of New Jersey. It is generally hilly in its northwestern part, becoming rolling and then flat toward the south and southeast. At its northern corner are the Palisades, cliffs which rise abruptly from the Hudson River to heights of 200 to 500 feet. The seacoast section extends from Sandy Hook to Cape May, a distance of about 125 miles. This area is characterized by long stretches of sandy beaches, occupied largely by summer resorts. Tidewater marshes become numerous toward the south.
In the Southern interior a region known as the Pine Barrens is covered with scrubby forest of pine and some oak. The land is low and partly swampy. Here are found the large cranberry bogs of New Jersey. In fact, most of the state that lies south of a line connecting Jersey City and Trenton is low and flat with few elevations higher than 100 feet, these being mainly in Monmouth County.
About 30 percent of the area of New Jersey drains into the Delaware River and Delaware Bay, which forms the western boundary. Nearly half of Sussex County, in the northwest, drains northward through the Wallkill River into the Hudson River. The remainder of the state drains directly into the Atlantic Ocean through the Passaic, Hackensack and Raritan Rivers in the north, and a number of small rivers and streams in the south.
Over the Southern interior the soil changes from sandy near the coast to clay and marl in the western part. However, there is no steady transition, the soil change being affected mostly by alternating stretches of the different soils and combinations of them. In the most productive sections in the southwestern part, light-to-medium sandy loams predominate. Immense quantities of garden truck for commercial canning, especially tomatoes, are grown in Cumberland, Salem, Gloucester, Camden and western Burlington Counties.
The extreme length of the state is 166 miles and its greatest width only about 65 miles. The difference in climate is quite marked between the southern tip at Cape May and the northern extremity in the Kittatinny Mountains. The former locality is almost surrounded by water and is fairly well removed from the influence of the frequent storms that cross the Great Lakes region and move out the St. Lawrence Valley. The northern extremity is well within the zone of influence of these storms and, in addition, lies at elevations rising from 800 to 1,800 feet.
The influence of these high elevations on the temperature is considerable. The differences between these two localities are particularly marked in winter, Cape May having a normal January temperature about the same as that of southwestern Virginia, while that of Layton, in the extreme northwest, is similar to that of northern Ohio. Since the prevailing winds are mostly offshore, the ocean influence does not have full effect.
New Jersey has one of the most modern and extensive road systems in the nation, making your travel between destination points quick and convenient.
THE NEW JERSEY TURNPIKE runs northeast to southwest through the state, between the George Washington Bridge and the Delaware Memorial Bridge. It is open to commercial traffic. For more information about the Turnpike, contact:
New Jersey Turnpike Authority
New Brunswick, NJ 08903
THE GARDEN STATE PARKWAY runs north to south through the state near its eastern border. The Parkway provides access to the New Jersey Shore and Cape May. Commercial traffic is prohibited on the Parkway north of Exit 105, although special permits can be issued. For more information about the Parkway, contact:
New Jersey Highway Authority
Woodbridge, NJ 07095
908-442-8600 & 908-727-5929 for traffic conditions).
THE ATLANTIC CITY EXPRESSWAY crosses southern New Jersey, providing easy access between Atlantic City and Philadelphia. It is open to commercial traffic. For more information about the Expressway, contact:
N.J. Expressway Authority
P.O. Box 351
Hammonton, NJ 08037
609-965-6060All state highways fall under the jurisdiction of the New Jersey Department of Transportation. The D.O.T is headquartered in Trenton, although regional offices oversee specific highways.
New Jersey Department of Transportation
1035 Parkway Avenue
Trenton, NJ 08625
Please Contact the New Jersey Motion Picture and Television Commission before inquiring about filming on any New Jersey Highways and Roads.